The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, v.X: Historical Writings. Including "An Abstract of the History of England", potentially rather interesting.
The Historic Thames. Rather disorganized and wandering, but lots of assorted historical detail about the river and how people interacted with it.
A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Arranged in Systematic Order, v. IX. This volume is just-post-period, a collection of first-person captain's logs and the like from the East India Company in the 1610's. Note that this includes accounts of some customs of the cultures they meet along the way, such as the Japanese. Also volume X, which has accounts of Magellan and other early circumnavigations.
Persian Literature, v.2: Comprising the The Shah Nameh, The Rubaiyat, The Divan, and The Gulistan. Note also volume 1.
Back to Methuselah, by George Bernard Shaw. An extraordinarily curious book. The first half is an extended discourse on Darwin and evolution; the remainder is essentially a loose science fiction novel, starting in the Garden of Eden in 4004 BC and ending in the year 31,920 AD. Sort of a Shavian version of Last and First Men, far as I can tell.